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Notable Changes to Adobe Experience Manager (AEM) as a Cloud Service

AEM Cloud Service brings many new features and possibilities for managing your AEM projects. However there are a number of differences between AEM Sites on premise or in Adobe Managed Service as compared to AEM Cloud Service. This document highlights the important differences.
This document highlights the notable changes to AEM as a whole. For further information and solution-specific changes see:
The main differences are found in the following areas:

/apps and /libs are immutable at runtime

Any content and sub-folders in /apps and /libs is read-only. Any feature or custom code that expects to make changes there will fail to do so. An error will be returned that such content is read-only and the write operation wasn't able to complete. This has an impact in a number of areas of AEM:
  • No changes in /libs are allowed at all.
    • This is not new rule, however this was not enforced in previous on-premise versions of AEM.
  • Overlays for areas in /libs that are allowed to be overlaid are are still permitted within /apps .
    • Such overlays must come from Git via the CI/CD pipeline.
  • Static Template design information that is stored in /apps can't be edited via UI.
    • It is recommended that you leverage Editable Templates instead.
    • If Static Templates are still required, configuration information must come from Git via the CI/CD pipeline.
  • MSM Blueprint and custom MSM roll-out configurations must be installed from Git via the CI/CD pipeline.
  • I18n translation changes need to come from Git via the CI/CD pipeline.

OSGi bundles and settings must be repository-based

The Web Console, used in previous versions of AEM to change OSGi settings, is not available in AEM Cloud Service. Therefore changes to OSGi must be introduced via the CI/CD pipeline.
  • Changes to OSGi settings can only come via Git persistence as JCR-based OSGi settings.
  • New or updated OSGi bundles must be introduced via Git as part of the CI/CD pipeline build process.

Changes to publish repository are not allowed

Direct changes to the publish repository are not allowed on AEM Cloud Service. In prior versions of on-premise AEM or AEM on AMS, code changes could be made directly to the publish repository for example to creates users, update user profile, and create nodes. This is no longer possible and can be mitigated in the following ways:
  • For content and content based configuration: make the changes on the author instance and publish them.
  • For code and configuration: make the changes in the GIT repository and run the CI/CD pipeline to roll them out.
  • For user-related data such as form submits or profile data: use the Unified Profile Service from Experience Cloud Platform or other 3rd party session aware store.

Custom runmodes are not allowed

The following runmodes are provided out-of-the-box for AEM Cloud Service:
  • author
  • publish
  • prod
  • author.prod
  • publish.prod
  • stage
  • author.stage
  • publish.stage
  • dev
  • author.dev
  • publish.dev
Additional or custom run modes are not possible in AEM Cloud Service.

Removal of Replication Agents

In AEM Cloud Service, content is published using Sling Content Distribution . The replication agents used in previous versions of AEM are no longer used or provided, which might impact the following areas of existing AEM projects:
  • Custom workflows that push content to replication agents of preview servers for example.
  • Customization to replication agents to transform content
  • Using Reverse Replication to bring content from publish back to author

Removal of Classic UI

The Classic UI is no longer available in AEM Cloud Service.

Publish-Side Delivery

HTTP acceleration including CDN and traffic management for author and publish services are provided by default in AEM Cloud Service.
For project transitioning from AMS or an on-premises installation Adobe strongly recommends leveraging the built-in CDN, because features within AEM Cloud Service are optimized for the CDN provided.

Asset Handling and Delivery

Asset upload, treatment, and download have been optimized in AEM Cloud Service to be more efficient enabling better scaling and faster uploads and downloads. However this may impact some existing custom code.
  • The default workflow DAM Asset Update in previous versions of AEM is no longer available.
  • Web site components that deliver a binary without transformation should use direct download.
    • The Sling GET servlet has been changed to do this by default.
  • Web site components that deliver a binary with transformation (for example, resize via servlet) can continue to operate as they have.
  • Assets that come in via Package Manager require manual re-processing using the Reprocess Asset action in the Assets interface.