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如何在AEM中审核用户管理操作

简介

AEM引入了记录权限更改的功能,以便以后可以审核这些更改。
该增强功能允许对用户的权限和组分配执行审核CRUD(创建、读取、更新、删除)操作。 具体而言,它将记录:
  • 新用户已创建
  • 添加到用户组的用户
  • 现有用户或用户组的权限更改
默认情况下,这些条目将写入文 error.log 件。 为了简化监控,建议将它们重定向到单独的日志文件。 有关如何执行此操作的更多信息,请参阅以下段落。

将输出重定向到单独的日志文件

要将日志输出重定向到单独的日志文件,您需要创建新的 Apache Sling日志记录器配置 。 我们将在 useraudit.log 以下示例中用作单独文件的名称。
  1. 通过浏览至https://serveraddress:serverport/system/console/configMgr,转到Web控 制台
  2. 搜索 Apache Sling日志记录记录器配置 。 然后,按条目右侧的“+”以创建新的工厂配置。
  3. 创建以下配置:
    • ​日志级别:信息
    • ​日志文件:logs/useraudit.log
    • ​消息模式:级别默认值
    • ​记录器:com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit, com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet
    要在 Logger (记录器)字段中输入这两个记录器,您需要输入第一个记录器的名称,然后按“+”按钮并输入第二个记录器的名称,以创建另一个字段。

示例输出

如果配置正确,输出应如下:
19.05.2017 15:15:08.933 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196108932] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Create Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:15:08.934 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196108932] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction Group 'group1' was created

19.05.2017 15:16:25.698 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196185696] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Create User 'user1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:16:25.700 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196185696] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction User 'user1' was created

19.05.2017 15:16:25.728 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196185726] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Edit Membership for Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:16:25.729 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196185726] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditGroupAction User 'user1' was added to the group 'group1'

19.05.2017 15:17:29.830 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196249828] POST /home/users/5/5dI6iK4HkZmrfTjcLBoI.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Password Change for User 'user2' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:17:29.832 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196249828] POST /home/users/5/5dI6iK4HkZmrfTjcLBoI.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction Password for User 'user2' was changed

19.05.2017 15:17:54.906 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196274904] POST /home/users/5/5dI6iK4HkZmrfTjcLBoI.rw.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Delete User 'user2' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:17:54.906 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196274904] POST /home/users/5/5dI6iK4HkZmrfTjcLBoI.rw.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction User 'user2' was removed

19.05.2017 15:19:11.050 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196351049] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Create User 'user3' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:19:11.052 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196351049] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction User 'user3' was created
19.05.2017 15:19:36.899 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196376898] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Edit Membership for Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)

19.05.2017 15:19:36.916 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196376915] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Edit Membership for Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:19:36.917 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196376915] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditGroupAction User 'user1' was removed from the group 'group1'

19.05.2017 15:21:34.419 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196494417] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Delete Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:21:34.419 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196494417] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction Group 'group1' was removed

19.05.2017 15:44:10.404 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495197850401] POST /home/users/3/35XVpVtLRx4a5J9gKrVG.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Password Change for User 'john' operation initiated by User 'john' (not administrator)
19.05.2017 15:44:10.405 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495197850401] POST /home/users/3/35XVpVtLRx4a5J9gKrVG.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction Password for User 'john' was changed

经典 UI

在经典UI中,与添加和删除用户相关的审计日志中记录的CRUD操作信息仅限于受影响用户的ID以及更改发生的时间。
例如:
10.05.2019 18:01:09.123 INFO [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1557491469096] POST /libs/cq/security/authorizables/POST HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction User 'test' was created