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如何在AEM中審核使用者管理作業

簡介

AEM已推出記錄權限變更的功能,讓您稍後可進行審核。
此增強功能允許對用戶的權限和組分配執行審計CRUD(建立、讀取、更新、刪除)操作。 更具體地說,它將記錄:
  • 建立新使用者
  • 新增至群組的使用者
  • 現有使用者或群組的權限變更
預設情況下,條目將寫入文 error.log 件。 為了更輕鬆地進行監控,建議將監控重新導向至個別的記錄檔。 以下段落中有關如何執行此動作的詳細資訊。

將輸出重定向到單獨的日誌檔案

若要將記錄輸出重新導向至個別的記錄檔,您將需要建立新的 Apache Sling Logging Logger configuration。 我們將在下 useraudit.log 例中作為單獨檔案的名稱。
  1. 瀏覽至https://serveraddress:serverport/system/console/configMgr以前往Web Console(網頁控制 台)
  2. 搜尋 Apache Sling Logging Logger Configuration 。 然後,按條目右側的"+"以建立新的工廠配置。
  3. 建立下列設定:
    • ​記錄層級:資訊
    • ​日誌檔案:logs/useraudit.log
    • ​消息模式:leved default
    • ​記錄器:com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit, com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet
    要在 Logger 欄位中輸入兩個記錄器,您需要輸入第一個記錄器的名稱,然後通過按"+"按鈕並輸入第二個記錄器的名稱來建立另一個欄位。

輸出範例

如果配置正確,輸出應如下所示:
19.05.2017 15:15:08.933 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196108932] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Create Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:15:08.934 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196108932] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction Group 'group1' was created

19.05.2017 15:16:25.698 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196185696] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Create User 'user1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:16:25.700 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196185696] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction User 'user1' was created

19.05.2017 15:16:25.728 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196185726] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Edit Membership for Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:16:25.729 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196185726] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditGroupAction User 'user1' was added to the group 'group1'

19.05.2017 15:17:29.830 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196249828] POST /home/users/5/5dI6iK4HkZmrfTjcLBoI.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Password Change for User 'user2' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:17:29.832 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196249828] POST /home/users/5/5dI6iK4HkZmrfTjcLBoI.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction Password for User 'user2' was changed

19.05.2017 15:17:54.906 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196274904] POST /home/users/5/5dI6iK4HkZmrfTjcLBoI.rw.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Delete User 'user2' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:17:54.906 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196274904] POST /home/users/5/5dI6iK4HkZmrfTjcLBoI.rw.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction User 'user2' was removed

19.05.2017 15:19:11.050 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196351049] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Create User 'user3' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:19:11.052 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196351049] POST /libs/granite/security/post/authorizables.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction User 'user3' was created
19.05.2017 15:19:36.899 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196376898] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Edit Membership for Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)

19.05.2017 15:19:36.916 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196376915] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Edit Membership for Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:19:36.917 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196376915] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditGroupAction User 'user1' was removed from the group 'group1'

19.05.2017 15:21:34.419 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196494417] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Delete Group 'group1' operation initiated by User 'admin' (administrator)
19.05.2017 15:21:34.419 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495196494417] POST /home/groups/d/dGf7f7vGrZRLs6HS3AK-.rw.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction Group 'group1' was removed

19.05.2017 15:44:10.404 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495197850401] POST /home/users/3/35XVpVtLRx4a5J9gKrVG.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.servlets.AuthorizableServlet Password Change for User 'john' operation initiated by User 'john' (not administrator)
19.05.2017 15:44:10.405 *INFO* [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1495197850401] POST /home/users/3/35XVpVtLRx4a5J9gKrVG.rw.userprops.html HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction Password for User 'john' was changed

傳統 UI

在Classic UI中,與新增和刪除使用者相關的稽核記錄中記錄的CRUD作業資訊,會限制在受影響使用者的ID,以及變更發生的時間。
例如:
10.05.2019 18:01:09.123 INFO [0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1 [1557491469096] POST /libs/cq/security/authorizables/POST HTTP/1.1] com.adobe.granite.security.user.internal.audit.AuditAuthorizableAction User 'test' was created